Sunday, 20 December 2015

From to drones, India enters new technology era
While “net neutrality” and its ensuing debate kept Indian policymakers and the social media busy for most part of the year, what took the country to the centre stage was a statement from social networking giant Facebook’s founder Mark Zuckerberg that if the world needs to be connected then it is very important to connect the billion-plus people in India.

Facebook rechristened its free internet platform — which it developed in conjunction with Reliance Communications Network — as “Free Basics by Facebook” in September. Today, nearly 15 million people in 24 nations have access to internet as a result of Facebook’s free internet efforts.

Although India has no regulations yet on “net neutrality” a draft report on this from the department of telecommunications (DoT) is with the government for clearance.  Amid the debate, Satya Nadella, the Indian-born chief executive of US-based technology major Microsoft, visited India in November and announced a string of partnerships, programmes and products to help Indian organisations and governments explore unchartered business areas and enrich customer and citizen experiences. Just a month back in San Francisco, top Oracle executive Thomas Kurian announced that the leading cloud services provider fully supports the latest digital initiatives launched by the Indian government.

When it came to wearable technology in India, the year saw some tough competition to the leader Apple. While Apple smartwatch was finally launched in India this year, at around Rs.30,000, it still burnt a hole in people’s pocket. Later this year, Lenovo-owned Motorola introduced five new variants of its android wear Moto 360 (2nd Gen) collection for the Indian consumers.

Next tech trend that took the country by storm this year was the launch of “Mobile Wallet” or “credit card killer” as some referred it to. Although still in a nascent stage, the concept of “Mobile Wallet” took rapidly on the psyche of the Indian consumers – making it one of the most lucrative start-up avenue this year.

While drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) took to new skies the world over this year — not just for delivering pizzas but to perform some key tasks from the battlefield to assessing climate change – India too appeared ready to utilise the technology.

What's New for 2016 MeSH - MeSH is the National Library of Medicine controlled vocabulary thesaurus which is updated annually.

Schulman J. What's New for 2016 MeSH. NLM Tech Bull. 2015 Nov-Dec;(407):e9.
2015 December 10 [posted]
MeSH is the National Library of Medicine controlled vocabulary thesaurus which is updated annually. NLM uses the MeSH thesaurus to index articles from thousands of biomedical journals for the MEDLINE/PubMed database and for the cataloging of books, documents, and audiovisuals acquired by the Library.

Overview of Vocabulary Development and Changes for 2016 MeSH

  • 438 Descriptors added
  • 17 Descriptor terms replaced with more up-to-date terminology
  • 9 Descriptors deleted
  • 1 Qualifier (Subheading) deleted

Totals by Type of Terminology

  • 27,883 Descriptors
  • 87,028 Descriptor entry terms
  • 82 Qualifiers
  • 230,872 Supplementary Concept Records

Helpful Links

Please consult the 2016 online Introduction to MeSH for more details. Lists of new and changed vocabulary are available at these links:

Summary of MeSH Production Activities

In addition to responding to requests we have been working on projects that are designed to improve the MeSH vocabulary. Several of these projects were directed towards to revamping our MeSH tree structure to make it easier to understand.

MeSH Qualifier (Subheading) Diagnostic Use Deleted

In order to improve indexing consistency and efficiency and to make MEDLINE searching easier and more straightforward, the subheading diagnostic use was deleted from MeSH. See the MeSH Qualifier (Subheading) Deletion section of the MEDLINE Data Changes — 2016 article for additional information.

New Publication Types

Three Publication Types were added for catalogers:
  • Blogs
  • Graphic Novels
  • Public Service Announcements
One Publication Type was added mainly for use by indexers:
  • Clinical Study
See the MeSH Publication Types section of the MEDLINE Data Changes — 2016 article for additional information.

MeSH Tree Changes: Uncle vs. Nephew Project

In the past, MeSH headings were loosely organized in trees and could appear in multiple locations depending upon the importance and specificity. In some cases the heading would appear two or more times in the same tree at higher and lower levels. This arrangement led to some headings appearing as a sibling (uncle) next to the heading under which they were treed as a nephew. In other cases a heading was included at a top level so it could be seen more readily in printed material. We reviewed these headings in MeSH and removed either the Uncle or Nephew depending upon the judgement of our Internal and External reviewers. There were over 1,000 tree changes resulting from this work, many of which will affect search retrieval in MEDLINE/PubMed and the NLM Catalog.

People and Professions

The M01 tree in MeSH is devoted to persons as individuals or members of a group, while the H tree contains the Disciplines and Occupations (professions). Although this premise held true for most cases we had a large number of exceptions where people were listed as an entry term under their profession. In addition the subheading manpower was used with a profession to indicate the person when a heading for them was not available. We felt this inconsistency required too much effort on the part of searchers to determine where to look and what to do. We simplified the trees by moving all people from the Professions tree and created new headings for them in the Persons tree.

Plants and Food

The J02 tree in MeSH includes food items, while the B tree contains plants and animals. For many years the fact that some plants and animals are also treed under food has been source of confusion for searchers. We received many requests to add and subtract specific plants from food that were based upon conflicting sources of information. In addition the range of exotic plants being eaten has expanded over the years. To respond to these problems we made major changes to the organization of nutritional phenomena for the 2016 Medical Subject Headings.

Nutritionally-related descriptors were brought together for the MeSH descriptor "Diet, Food, and Nutrition" that was created in the G07 tree. The descriptors "Diet" and "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" along with their child descriptors were moved there. In addition a second tree location for "Food and Beverages" and its child descriptors were added there. Specific plant and chemical headings were removed from underneath "Food and Beverages" because many of the citations indexed with them were not about food or nutritional topics. As a result, searching "Food and Beverages" or "Diet, Food, and Nutrition" now gives a more focused retrieval of citations that are nutritionally related. Articles that discuss a specific plant or chemical in the context of food can still be found through use of coordination of topics rather than using tree inheritance. For example, a search in the 2016 PubMed system to find specific citations about the nutritional value of spinach can now be done as:

diet, food, and nutrition[mh] AND spinach

MeSH Scope Notes

MeSH had a policy that each descriptor should have a scope note regardless of how obvious its meaning. There were many legacy headings that were created without scope notes before this rule came into effect. This year we initiated a project to write scope notes for all existing headings. Thus far 481 scope notes to MeSH were added and the project continues for 2017 MeSH.

High Profile Pharmaceuticals

The MeSH Section received requests that high profile pharmaceutical drugs be made as descriptor records, rather than keeping them as Supplementary Concept Records (SCRs). We prepared a list of 150 top prescribed drugs and compared them to MeSH. All drugs on this list that were represented by SCRs were promoted to descriptor headings.
By Jacque-Lynne Schulman
MeSH Section

Saturday, 23 November 2013

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Friday, 22 November 2013

The day started with the assembly programme by Rabindra Nath Tagore Group. Chaierd by Director S Selvaraj, Co-ordinator V.L Vernekar sir and Resource Person DVS Sharma and Mujib Rahman Sir.
 The Speciality of the assembly was about Yakshgana presented by Mr. Bhatt, that depicts the various character as religious, demons and Humurus form, in combination with dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up and stage techniques with a unique style in two different forms- Tenkutitu and Badagutitu.
The overall assembly programme was appreciated by participants as well as director sir with lots of blessings. After that the morning session started on topic Social sensitization- By Mr. U.P Binoy
The topic was interesting that teaches us how to motivate children towards social sensitization and what are the role plays by a teacher and by a librarian towards social sensitization. N this session various video clipping were shown on-Adolesence Social issue. For phusically challenged students and A letter from My Mom and Dad- was such a emotional that everybody eyes were full of tears.
Than after tea break the next session started on the topic Conduct Rules for Govt. Employees- by Mr. M Reddenna – was informative, covers different aspect as -Personal Code, Family Matters, Professional Code, Press-Media Relation etc. That tells us what are the rights and limitations a Government Employee possesss.
Than after lunch break the vsession was taken by Ruby Huria about Inclusive Education- that what inclusive education is. How can be implemented in present scenario and what role can be played by a teacher to make it more effective by taking everybody together making things happen by showing motivational videos in that the story of Hare and Tortoise in different context fits in present global world.
After that the last session was taken by Mr. V. L vernekar on Sample Annual Library Activity Plan (ALAP) –i.e what are the various activities that can be conducted by a librarian throughout the year by involving maximum students through active participation apart from traditional library activities, and finally by making aware about NCF-2005.
Harivansh rai bachhan group
The day's activity began with the assembly programme by Ved Vyash Group. A poem entitled "Science…. Science…..Science.." by Mr. Shiv Kumar was the highlight of the programme. The maiden session was taken by Mr. U. P. Binoy, Faculty member, ZIET Mysore on the topic "Effective Communication Skill and Body Language". 
Mr. Binoy dealt the topic by activity and learning method. Session was very much interesting
The Second session was the "User Study" conducted at KV Mysore. Each group conducted the sample survey by distributing the questionnaires among the students.
In the post lunch session Ms. Sahaya Meri, Head Mistress faculty ZIET Mysore spoke on the topic "Life Skill Education: integrating the school library" through activity method which made the class interesting and lively.
In the last session data analysis based on user studies at KV Mysore was consolidated by the participants of all groups.
The programme ended at 5.30 P.M. and the whole day was fruit full and interesting.